Temporo-mandibular dysfunction

There is increasing evidence that physiotherapy is helpful in reducing pain & increasing jaw function in patients with TMDs. Physiotherapy is a conservative, reversible treatment. It does not invade the tissues of the face, jaw or joint, or involve surgery. It does not cause permanent change in the structure or position of the jaw or teeth.
What techniques to physiotherapists use to treat TMDs?
• Reassuring explanation about TMD
• Education on anatomy, function, pain psychology and contributing factors to TMD
• Advice on long term self-management strategies including joint and muscle stress reduction
• Home exercises
• Postural correction
• Manual therapy (massage, manipulation and stretching)
• Acupuncture
• Treatment of secondary issues caused as a result of TMD (cervical restriction and pain, headaches, postural problems)